Sources

Works Cited

Sources Needed For Episode 3:

U.S. Census ACS. “Map of Black Population, 2018.” Rural Health Information Hub, 2018. https://www.ruralhealthinfo.org/charts/22.

Tulane School of Social Work. “Food Deserts in America (Infographic).” Accessed November 21, 2020. https://socialwork.tulane.edu/blog/food-deserts-in-america.

Images:

A Cook Feeding Slave Children on a Southern Plantation, c.1860 (Engraving). 1860. https://www.art-prints-on-demand.com/a/americanschool19thcentury/acookfeedingslavechildren.html.

To Be Sold, on Board the Ship Bance Island, … Negroes, Just Arrived from the Windward & Rice Coast. 1780-1790. Advertisement. South Carolina. Library of Congress. https://www.loc.gov/pictures/resource/cph.3a52072.

Additional Resources:

Conner, Paul, and Ahmed Johnson. “African American Family Histories and Related Works in the Library of Congress.” Library of Congress, 2009. https://www.loc.gov/rr/genealogy/bib_guid/AfrAmerFamilyHistories.pdf.

“Gullah Geechee Cultural Heritage Corridor – Where Gullah Geechee Culture Lives.” Accessed December 12, 2020. https://gullahgeecheecorridor.org/.

Other Sources:

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Blonigen, Beth. “A Re-Examination of the Slave Diet: A Thesis.” Honors Thesis,College of St. Benedict/St. John’s University, 2004.

Byrd, W. M., and L. A. Clayton. “Race, Medicine, and Health Care in the United States: A Historical Survey.” Journal of the National Medical Association 93, no. 3 (2001): 11S-34S.

Byrd, W. Micheal, and Linda A. Clayton. “Understanding And Eliminating Racial And Ethnic Disparities In Health Care—Racial And Ethnic Disparities In Health Care: A Background And History.” In Unequal Treatment: Confronting Racial and Ethnic Disparities in Health Care., edited by Adrienne Y. Stith and Alan R. Nelson. Washington, D.C.: National Academies Press, 2003. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK220343/.

Carney, Judith, and Richard Nicholas Rosomoff. In the Shadow of Slavery: Africa’s Botanical Legacy in the Atlantic World. First edition. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2011.

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Covey, Herb. Interview by Carolyn Mason. Expert Testimony. Phone Call, September 27, 2020.

Craig, Lee A., and Robert G. Hammond. “Nutrition and Signaling in Slave Markets: A New Look at a Puzzle within the Antebellum Puzzle.” Cliometrica 7, no. 2 (2012): 189–206. http://dx.doi.org.mutex.gmu.edu/10.1007/s11698-012-0086-7.

Curtin, Philip D. “The Slavery Hypothesis for Hypertension among African Americans: The Historical Evidence.” American Journal of Public Health 82, no. 12 (1992): 1681–86.

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Deetz, Kelly and Dontavius Williams. “African American Foodways Virtual Cooking Demonstration.” Demonstration, Stratford Hall, Stratford, VA, September 22, 2020. 

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Demby, Gene. “Making The Case That Discrimination Is Bad For Your Health.” NPR, January 14, 2018. https://www.npr.org/sections/codeswitch/2018/01/14/577664626/making-the-case-that-discrimination-is-bad-for-your-health.

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Farrish, Christopher. Interview by Carolyn Mason. Expert Testimony. Video Call, October 13, 2020. 

Farrish, Christopher. “Theft, Food Labor, and Culinary Insurrection.” In Dethroning the Deceitful In Dethroning the Deceitful Pork Chop: Rethinking African American Foodways from Slavery to Obama, by Pysche Williams-Forson and Rebecca Sharpless, edited by Jennifer Jesen Wallach, 151-164. Food and Foodways. University of Arkansas Press, 2015. https://doi-org.mutex.gmu.edu/10.2307/j.ctt1ffjdh9.17.

Feldscher, Karen. “Jim Crow Laws: A Contributing Factor to More Lethal Breast Cancer among U.S. Black Women Now?” Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, November 1, 2017. https://www.hsph.harvard.edu/news/features/jim-crow-breast-cancer-black-women/.

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Gilmer, Robert. Interview by Carolyn Mason. Expert Testimony. Video Call, October 5, 2020. 

Gilmer, Robert A. “Native American Contributions to African American Foodways: Slavery, Colonialism, and Cuisine.” In Dethroning the Deceitful Pork Chop: Rethinking African American Foodways from Slavery to Obama, by Pysche Williams-Forson and Rebecca Sharpless, edited by Jennifer Jesen Wallach, 17–30. Food and Foodways. University of Arkansas Press, 2015. https://doi.org/10.2307/j.ctt1ffjdh9.8.

Grady, Meredith, and Tim Edgar. “Racial Disparities in Health Care: Highlights From Focus Group Findings.” In Unequal Treatment: Confronting Racial and Ethnic Disparities in Health Care., edited by Adrienne Y. Stith and Alan R. Nelson. Washington, D.C.: National Academies Press, 2003. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK220347/.

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Greenlee, Cynthia. “How Fast Food ‘Became Black.’” Vox, January 10, 2020. https://www.vox.com/identities/2020/1/10/21058393/mcdonalds-fast-food-black-franchise-marcia-chatelain.

Jordan, Winthrop D. White Over Black: American Attitudes toward the Negro, 1550-1812. Second edition. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2012.

Lambert, Patricia M. “Infectious Disease among Enslaved African Americans at Eaton’s Estate, Warren County, North Carolina, ca. 1830-1850.” Memórias Do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz 101, no. 2 (2006): 107–17. https://doi.org/10.1590/S0074-02762006001000017.

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Lujan, Heidi L., and Stephen E. DiCarlo. “The ‘African Gene’ Theory: It Is Time to Stop Teaching and Promoting the Slavery Hypertension Hypothesis.” Advances in Physiology Education 42, no. 3 (2018): 412–16. https://doi.org/10.1152/advan.00070.2018.

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 Morris, Christopher. “Critical Medical Anthropology and the Socioeconomic Determinants of Health.” Class Lecture, Medical Anthropology from George Mason University, Fairfax, VA, March 29, 2020.

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Park, Alex. “How the Fast-Food Industry Courted African American Customers.” Washington Post, June 11, 2018. https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/made-by-history/wp/2018/06/11/the-origins-of-fast-foods-enduring-popularity-with-african-americans/.

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Singh, Maanvi. “Southern Diet Blamed For High Rates Of Hypertension Among Black Americans.” NPR, 2018. https://www.npr.org/sections/thesalt/2018/10/02/653798353/southern-diet-blamed-for-high-rates-of-hypertension-among-blacks.

Soucheray, Stephanie. “US Blacks 3 Times More Likely than Whites to Get COVID-19.” Center for Infectious Disease Research and Policy, August 14, 2020. https://www.cidrap.umn.edu/news-perspective/2020/08/us-blacks-3-times-more-likely-whites-get-covid-19.

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Yearby, Ruqaiijah. Interview by Carolyn Mason. Expert Testimony. Video Call, October 9, 2020. 

Yearby, Ruqaiijah. “Racial Disparities in Health Status and Access to Healthcare: The Continuation of Inequality in the United States Due to Structural Racism.” American Journal of Economics and Sociology 77, no. 3–4 (2018): 1113–52. https://doi.org/10.1111/ajes.12230.

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